St Aelred’s Personal Development Curriculum

 British Values

Schools should promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs  The Department for Education states that there is a need “to create and enforce a clear and rigorous expectation on all schools to promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs”.  The government set out its definition of British values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy and these values were reiterated by the Prime Minister in 2014. 


Jesus taught us all that everyone is unique, loved by God and should be treated fairly. This belief supports our teaching of British Values. Our aim is to prepare our pupils for life in modern Britain by teaching them British values which equip them to be responsible, respectful and active citizens who contribute positively to society.


Our curriculum aims to deliver a twenty-first century education that will equip our children with the skills required to be independent and responsible citizens. These skills are embedded into all aspects of the curriculum (core and foundation subjects) and are also taught discretely through our RE and RSE programmes of study.  Subject Leaders encourage the use of pupil voice which promotes our children’s right to be heard and express their views. We value our pupils’ opinions and work together with the community and parish to make a positive difference at every opportunity.  


British Value  Experiences by year group


Opportunity and skills

A culture built upon freedom and equality, where everyone is aware of their rights and responsibilities.


Voting for their favourite book. 

Pebbles in a pot for children who show kindness and care towards others. This is rewarded with a class treat when the jar is full. 


In Year 2 the children have the opportunity to prepare a speech as to why they would like to be a school councillor and then to vote for who they wish to represent. 

During D&T they complete taste testing and then vote as a class for the fruit/cheese they wish to use in their products. 

Opportunities are provided during the year for class voting e.g. end of the day book and apple on the tree treat etc.

In Year 2 the children learn through their Florence Nightingale topic how women were not equal to men in the medical profession and how Florence influenced change within the profession. 

In Year 2 the children learn through the Guy Fawkes topic that not all religions were respected by the sovereignty leading to the Gunpowder Plot.  


Democracy is taught through PSHE lessons and assemblies. We compare a democracy to a dictatorship and how this affects people’s choices and way of life. We look at several different countries and the way they are governed. We compare this to our own way of life to decide what type of government we have.

We look at the values of a democracy and how they are embedded in our own school community, for example, school council.

Children are taught how their actions, roles and responsibilities bring about rewards and working together as a team supports this 


The children have the opportunity to vote for their school counsellors; through PSHE the children learn about democracy and fairness. Our school values promote respect for one another. In RE lessons, the children learn about other cultures (Day of Many Colours) and religions and how it is important  to respect those who may have different points of view.

Whole class debates and discussions are promoted in lessons.

Subject leaders seek out the opinions of pupils through ‘pupil voice’ discussions.

Mini Vinnies debate and vote upon how to spend the funds raised.

Whole School

School council – pupils are able to nominate themselves for school council and children have the opportunity to vote for their class representative. 

Koboca survey takes into account their view on PE and wellbeing. The results of these are used to inform future enrichment activities such as dance club, football club et.

Rule of Law

This is the need for rules to make a happy, safe and secure environment to live and work.


Learning about school rules and contributing to the school rules (class discussion). 

All children are expected to follow the rules. 

Children learn about how rules play a part in society to keep us safe, when visitors are invited in from the emergency services. 

TEN TEN RHE sessions to teach children about how to keep safe.


All children are encouraged to adhere to the school rules. Within the Year 1 and Year 2 classrooms the children are encouraged to adhere to rules linked to specific subjects and provision areas e.g. Design and Technology using scissors, knives, needles safely and the amount of children in one provision area at a time etc.

Children in Year 2 learn road safety rules in PSHE.


Classes discuss the rules we have in school (Be ready, be respectful, be safe) and the reasons behind them. We discuss the consequences for breaking the rules and positive rewards for following them. 

We learn who makes the laws of our country and the process that they need to go through to become law. We discuss the importance of following them to keep us safe and who upholds these laws and how the justice system works. 


We all follow our school rules to keep everyone safe and happy whenever possible. Each class has these clearly displayed and teachers will refer to these  regularly. In UKS2, the children decide upon a set of classroom rules which they all agree to follow to ensure that good learning can take place in a happy and respectful environment, giving them ownership of the behaviour management. 

In Y5 RE lessons cover Rights and Responsibilities where they have the opportunity to learn about the rule of law as part of the introduction to the Ten Commandments. 

Whole School
Individual Liberty

This is the protection of your rights and the rights of others around you


Circle times-Statements to live by. 

RE Curriculum/liturgical prayer.

Fantastic learning powers-’cooperating cats’

Modelling how to build, sustain and repair friendships. 

Modelling respectful relationships and appropriate interactions with others, e.g. asking first if they can give someone a hug. 


In PSHE Year 2 learn about safety in the home and the outdoor environment.

In RHE Year 1 and Year 2 learn about keeping themselves safe (using the NSPCC PANTS materials) and learn how to develop, maintain and mend friendships.

Year 1 and Year 2 participate in internet safety week and being safe online in computing lessons. 


Through English reading we look at the lives of influential people.

Pupils are encouraged to know, understand and exercise their rights and personal freedoms, both within school and society. For example, they have the right to speak up and say if they are unhappy with something or feel unsafe. This is taught and discussed through out E-safety and RHE lessons.

RE teaching in Year 3 discusses Choices and the examination of conscience.  


Respect is one of our three school rules and as such, pupils are constantly reminded how to be respectful to others. Through our curriculum, pupils are actively encouraged to make choices knowing that they are in a safe and supportive environment. Links to RSE/PSHE lessons along with internet safety lessons and E-Safety week and anti bully week, all of which promote mutual respect for one another.

Whole School
Mutual Respect

This is understanding that we all don’t share the same beliefs and values. Respecting those values, ideas and beliefs of others whilst not imposing our own onto them.


Fantastic learning powers such as ‘have a go hippo’ and ‘keep trying tiger’ reinforce the fact that we are all unique and have different strengths. 

Other cultures and religions are explored through our curriculum; including through celebrations, special days, visitors and 

Super six books-one text in each year group explores diversity. 

Challenging stereotypes by promoting diversity through the core texts and by modelling positive relationships with others. 


Year 1 and Year 2 learn about the Jewish and Muslim faiths in their RE lessons. 

Respect is included in our school rules (Be Respectful) and our school values.

Super six books-one text in each year group explores diversity. 

Year 1- Tango makes three Year 2- We are all wonders.


In RE lessons, we look at families and the respect we have within them and how we treat one another. In RHE, we look at the differences between our families and understand that no matter what our families look like they are to be respected equally. 

Through all subjects, pupils are taught to evaluate what they see and hear with positive feedback. They understand that you can appreciate others work even if it is not always to you tastes.


In UKS2, we expect the older pupils to be good role models for the younger children; often supporting them at lunchtime and carrying out roles and responsibilities throughout the school. For example, setting up the prayers spaces and running the PP for whole school worship, putting out the trolleys for pack-ups, leading the singing and reading at school masses.

When Y5/6 pupils are competing against other schools, they are encouraged to be respectful and sportsmanlike throughout the competition.

In Y6, topic one in RE is all about showing respect and kindness to others.

Mini Vinnies lead on any charitable works carried by the children in school and make decisions about how to spend the funds. Theses tend to be during Advent and Lent, however, the children also take part in one off fundraising events and work closely with the SVP to support others in the community, including our own families.

Whole School

One of our school rules is ‘Be Respectful’. We regularly discuss what this looks like in our school and in our classroom. All adults model this in everything they do.

In PE, team events occur across the school. Pupils are taught to treat team mates with respect as well as opposing teams.